Orthopedics deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system, i.e. bones, joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments. Conditions such as bone fractures, deformities, sports injuries, arthritis and degenerative joint changes are treated. Through surgical and non-surgical approaches, orthopedists focus on preserving the function and mobility of the musculoskeletal system.

Here are some key aspects that an orthopedist deals with:

Fractures and injuries: Orthopedists treat fractures (broken bones) and various injuries to muscles, tendons and ligaments. This includes the placement of a plaster cast, the use of physical therapy and in some cases, surgical treatment.

Joint surgery: Orthopedists perform surgical procedures on joints to treat problems such as cartilage damage, osteoarthritis (joint degeneration), or ligament injuries. Joint replacements, such as hip or knee replacements, are often part of orthopedic practice.

Sports injuries: Orthopedists deal with the treatment of injuries resulting from sports activities. These can include sprains, ligament tears, muscle injuries and other sports injuries.
Deformities and growth disorders: Orthopedists work with patients who have bone deformities, such as scoliosis (curvature of the spine) or hip dysplasia. They also deal with growth disorders in children.

Degenerative diseases: Orthopedists deal with the treatment of degenerative diseases, including osteoarthritis, which affects the joints and leads to the deterioration of cartilage.

Spine surgery: Orthopedists perform surgical procedures on the spine to treat problems such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis, or spinal deformities.

Trauma and urgent care: Orthopedics deal with the treatment of emergency conditions and trauma, including fractures, joint dislocations and other serious musculoskeletal injuries.

Physical therapy and rehabilitation: Orthopedists often work with physical therapists to provide patients with rehabilitation plans after surgery or serious injuries.